Lying at 32°56′ North latitude and 73°44′ East longitude, Jhelum possesses a humid subtropical climate and is extreme in nature. In winter it is very cold and summer is very hot. The maximum recorded temperature in the pre-monsoon season of April to June is 49.2 °C (120.6 °F), whereas in winter the minimum temperature recorded is −0.6 °C (30.9 °F). The average rainfall varies from 48 to 69 mm per annum which is much below the required quantity but in the rainy season the water torrents flow from north to the river Jhelum in a very fast speed, causing damages to crops, bridges, roads and are responsible for the soil erosion in the district.